Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. Plaque bacteria is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals.
Those whom have been treated for periodontal conditions will need maintenance cleaning every 3 or 4 months to help preserve the bone architecture and promote optimal gum health.
Why is oral hygiene so important?
Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases, (periodontal disease) than from cavities with 75% being affected at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by good tooth brushing and flossing techniques, performed daily.
To provide you with a better understanding of periodontics, we have provided the following multimedia presentation. Many common questions pertaining to periodontics are discussed.
Periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque. Plaque is a constantly forming, colorless film, which sticks to your teeth at the gum line. By thorough daily brushing and flossing you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease.
Periodontal diseases can be accelerated by a number of different factors including tartar development. If plaque is not carefully removed by daily brushing and flossing, it hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar).
Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
Other important factors affecting the health of your gums include:
- Clenching and grinding teeth
- Poor nutrition
Preventing Gum Disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.